Major facilities at L&FMD

    1. Material development:

  • Indigenously developed Czochralski puller
  • Indigenously developed automatic diameter control (ADC) system
  • Cyberstar ADC pull-head for crystal growth coupled to resistive heated furnace (high gradient and low gradient)
  • Optical floating zone crystal growth work station (CSC, Japan)
  • Box and muffle furnaces for the synthesis and sintering of materials
  • A tungsten heater vacuum furnace up to 1800 oC
  • Inert atmosphere furnaces & Vacuum ovens.
    2. Material characterization:

  • Physisorption for BET surface area measurement & chemisorption system.
  • Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM).
  • Potentiostat for electrochemical studies.
  • Atomic force microscope.
  • D/H Mass spectrometer.
  • Refractive index measurement system (Metricon, Prism Coupler-based)
  • Differential scanning calorimetry (Rigaku)
  • Thermoluminescence (Nucleonix)
  • Impedance analyzer (HP4194A Hewlett Packard, USA and Nova control, France) for dielectric and impedance studies in the temperature range (150-800 K) and frequency range 1mHz to 40MHz .
  • Powder X-ray diffractometer (18kW and 3kW, Rigaku, Japan)
  • Hystersis loop tracer (Radiant, USA) for Polarization vs. Electric Field and Strain vs Electric Field measurements.
  • Polarizing Light Microscope (BX60, Olympus, Japan) equipped with hot-stage (Linkam).
  • Thickness measurement unit (Filmatrics, USA.)
  • Viscometer.
  • Inductive coupled Plasma (ICP-OES) for trace element detection.
    3. Material processing:

  • String-type cutter (South Bay Tech.)
  • High energy ball mill (Fritsch, Germany)
  • Hot-press (Therlek, India) for sintering (Tmax=1250 oC) of ceramic samples under load (Max. 5 Tons).
  • Cold Isostatic Press (CIP) up to 3000 bar
  • Dilatometer (Linseis, Germany) up to 1900 oC in Ar-atmosphere and up to 1650 oC in air.


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