Soft X-ray Absorption Beamline

Beamline overview

The soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy (SXAS) beamline at BL-01 port of Indus-2 offers an energy range of 100 – 1200 eV covering K-edges of low Z elements like B, C, N, O, F; L/M/N edges of 3d/4d/5d transition metals. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements are being routinely carried out by researchers working vast areas like condensed matter physics, materials science, chemical sciences, engineering applications and sometimes in agriculture and biology.

This beamline developed by UGC-DAE CSR, Indore (through an initial funding from DST) became operational in 2013 and since then every year about 50-60 users’ group from the entire country carry out experiments.

An overview of beamline looking from the sample position
A photograph of post mirror installed at soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy (SXAS) beamline
An overview of beamline looking from the sample position
A photograph of post mirror installed at soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy (SXAS) beamline

Beamline parameters & Optical layout

BEAMLINE PARAMETERS
Energy Range100-1200 eV
Flux2×106 photons/s @ 400 eV, 75 mA
Resolution1,000-5,000
Monochromatorspherical grating monochromator
1500, 660 and 290 grooves/mm
Pre-MirrorWater cooled toroidal mirror to focus the SR beam vertically on the entrance slit and horizontally on exit slit
Post-MirrorToroidal mirror to refocus the monochromatic beam on the sample position
Targeted experimentsXANES, XMCD, XMLD, in-situ XANES


Soft XAS Beamline at BL-1, Indus 2


Soft XAS Beamline at BL-1, Indus 2
Beamline parameters & Optical layout
Beamline parameters & Optical layout
Beamline parameters & Optical layout
Beamline parameters & Optical layout
Beamline parameters & Optical layout
Beamline parameters & Optical layout
Soft XAS Experimental station
Post mirror (toroid al)
Exit Slit (variable position)
spherical grating monochromator
entrance slit
Pre mirror (toroid al)
polarization selection aperture(PSA)

Experimental station

A photograph of new XAS and MCD chambers .
A photograph of new XAS and MCD chambers .

A photograph showing the optical part of synchrotron beam passing through XAS and MCD chambers and as seen towards the end of MCD station as marked by an arrow
A photograph showing the optical part of synchrotron beam passing through XAS and MCD chambers and as seen towards the end of MCD station as marked by an arrow


Experimental facility

1. Soft x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES):
1. Soft x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES):
2. Soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD):
2. Soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD):

Representative XANES and XMCD spectra

N K-edge XANES measurements on NbN thin film samples [Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2100514 (2021)];
XMCD measurements at Fe and Ni L-edges in NiFe2O4/SrRuO3/PMN-PT heterostructures [Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 112902
N K-edge XANES measurements on NbN thin film samples [Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2100514 (2021)]; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/ac00dc
XMCD measurements at Fe and Ni L-edges in NiFe2O4/SrRuO3/PMN-PT heterostructures [Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 112902 (2021)];https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0061470



Ce MV,IV-edge XANES spectra of CeO2 QDs with different concentration of ACTP [Applied Surface Science 567 (2021) 150763]; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.150763
N K-edge XMCD in Fe4N thin film [Phys. Rev. Mat. 3, 114414 (2019)]; https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.114414
Ce MV,IV-edge XANES spectra of CeO2 QDs with different concentration of ACTP [Applied Surface Science 567 (2021) 150763]; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.150763
N K-edge XMCD in Fe4N thin film [Phys. Rev. Mat. 3, 114414 (2019)]; https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.114414



C K-edge XANES in an amorphous Carbon and Fe-C thin films [Phys. Rev. Mat. 4, 013402 (2020)]
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.013402
Fe L-edge XMCD of (a) 2 nm and (b) 150 nm Fe3O4 thin film [J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 482, 296 (2019)] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2019.03.041
C K-edge XANES in an amorphous Carbon and Fe-C thin films [Phys. Rev. Mat. 4, 013402 (2020)] https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.013402
Fe L-edge XMCD of (a) 2 nm and (b) 150 nm Fe3O4 thin film [J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 482, 296 (2019)] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2019.03.041



XAS spectra of the anatase-TiO2 (abbreviated as stand) and a-TiO2–x: (a) Ti L-edge and (b) O K-edge [ J. Phys. Chem. C 123, 44, 26812–26822 (2019)] https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b08078
XAS spectra of the anatase-TiO2 (abbreviated as stand) and a-TiO2–x: (a) Ti L-edge and (b) O K-edge [ J. Phys. Chem. C 123, 44, 26812–26822 (2019)] https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b08078



Sn M4,5-edge XANES spectra of SnO2 NPs (b) and zoom of the encircled part in (b) (c). ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 43, 49227-49236 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c13896
Experimental (red line) and simulated (green and blue lines) XANES spectra of the O K-edge in TiN (a) and AlScN (b). [J. App. Phys. 129, 055305 (2021)] https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0038459
Sn M4,5-edge XANES spectra of SnO2 NPs (b) and zoom of the encircled part in (b) (c). ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 43, 49227-49236 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c13896
Experimental (red line) and simulated (green and blue lines) XANES spectra of the O K-edge in TiN (a) and AlScN (b). [J. App. Phys. 129, 055305 (2021)] https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0038459



(a) Mn L edge XANES of SMO film along with SMO bulk and MnO2 as references. (b) O K edge x-ray absorption spectra of SMO film along with bulk SMO (Inset): Mn 3d fitted spectrum of SMO film.J. Phys. Cond. Mat. 33, 23 (2021).  https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/abe8a3
(a) Mn L edge XANES of SMO film along with SMO bulk and MnO2 as references. (b) O K edge x-ray absorption spectra of SMO film along with bulk SMO (Inset): Mn 3d fitted spectrum of SMO film.J. Phys. Cond. Mat. 33, 23 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/abe8a3



Fe L-edge XANES of different crystallite sizes of maricite-NaFePO4 (NFP) [Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2019).    https://doi.org//10.1039/C9CP03838H
(a) Averaged XAS spectra collected at Ru M2,3 edge under ±1.2 T at 110 K on S1 film. (b) The XMCD signal for S1 film [J. Phys.: Cond. Mat. 32, 305501 (2020)] https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/ab8424
Fe L-edge XANES of different crystallite sizes of maricite-NaFePO4 (NFP) [Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2019). https://doi.org//10.1039/C9CP03838H
(a) Averaged XAS spectra collected at Ru M2,3 edge under ±1.2 T at 110 K on S1 film. (b) The XMCD signal for S1 film [J. Phys.: Cond. Mat. 32, 305501 (2020)] https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/ab8424
Beamline reference:

Development of soft X-ray polarized light beamline on Indus-2 synchrotron radiation source, D. M. Phase, M. Gupta, S. Potdar, L. Behera, R. Sah, and A. Gupta, AIP Conference Proceedings 1591, 685 (2014);
https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4872719

Publications and usage summary

Publications and usage summary




1. S. Ghosh, M. Nand, R. Kamparath, Mukul Gupta, D. M. Phase, S. N. Jha, S. D. Singh and Tapas Ganguli, Electronic structure modification in Fe substituted β-Ga2O3 from resonant photoemission and soft x-ray absotption spectroscopies, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics in-press (2022). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ac43dc
2. Niti, Y. Kumar, Seema, V R Reddy, J. V. Vas, S. Gupta, J. Stahn, A. Gupta and Mukul Gupta, Stabilizing effects of Ag doping on structure and thermal stability of FeN thin films Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (2022). https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/ac4074




1. Structural, Electronic, and Magnetic Properties of Co4N Thin Films deposited using HiPIMS, Seema, Akhil Tayal, S.M. Amir, Sabine Pütter, S. Mattauch and Mukul Gupta, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 863, 158052 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.158052
2. Ganapathi Bharathi, Devaraj Nataraj, Oleg Yu Khyzhun, Daniel T Thangadurai, Kittusamy Senthilkumar, Murugaiyan Sowmiya, Ramasamy Kathiresan, Ponmalai Kolandaivel, Mukul Gupta, Deodatta Phase, Nirmalendu Patra, Shambhu Nath Jha, Dibyendu Bhattacharyya, Room Temperature Weakly Ferromagnetic Energy Band Opened Graphene Quantum Dot Coupled Solid Sheets-A Possible Carbon Based Dilute Magnetic Semiconductor, App. Sur. Sci. 548, 149195 (2021).DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.149195
3. Rajendra Kumar, Sanjay Nayak, Magnus Garbrecht, Vijay Bhatia, Ashalatha Indiradevi Kamalasanan Pillai, Mukul Gupta, S. M. Shivaprasad, and Bivas Saha, Clustering of oxygen point defects in transition metal nitrides, Journal of Applied Physics 129, 055305 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0038459
4. Susmita Chowdhury, Rachana Gupta, Shashi Prakash, Layanta Behera, D.M. Phase and Mukul Gupta, Synthesis and study of highly dense and smooth TiN thin films, Materials Chemistry and Physics 267, 124648 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2021.124648
5. Gyanendra Panchal, Anjali Panchwanee, Manish Kumar, Katharina Fritsch, Ram Janay Choudhary and Deodutta Moreshwar Phase, Synthesis and Characterization of Vertically Aligned La0.7Sr0.3MnO3:NiO Nanocomposite Thin Films for Spintronic Applications, ACS Applied Nano Materials 4, 1, 102–112 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.0c02394
6. S. Bhowmick, R. Sen, C. P. Saini, R. Singhal, L. Walczak, M. Gupta, D. M. Phase and A. Kanjilal, Unveiling Temperature-Mediated Dual-Band Edge in TiO2 Nanotubes with Enhanced Photocatalytic Effect, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 125, 8, 4846–4859 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c11081
7. Sourav Chowdhury, Ram J. Choudhary, Deodatta M. Phase, Spectroscopic aspects of the magnetic interaction in SrCoO2.75 and SrCoO3 thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 869, 159296 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.159296
8. S. R. Kumar, D. M. Phase, Ajay Gupta, A. C. Pandey and Ratnesh Gupta, Effects of swift heavy ion-irradiation on magnetic properties of Co-doped TiO2, AIP Advances 11, 025037 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/9.0000173
9. Shailesh Kalal, Sanjay Nayak, Akhil Tayal, Jens Birch, Rajeev Rawat and Mukul Gupta, Effect of disorder on superconductivity of NbN thin films studied using x-ray absorption spectroscopy, J Phys. Cond. Mat. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/ac00dc
10. Y Kumar, A Tayal, W Caliebe, M Gupta, Study of carbon doped cobalt mononitride thin films, Applied Surface Science 564, 150443 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.150443
11. Susmita Chowdhury, Rachana Gupta, Shashi Prakash, Layanta Behera and Mukul Gupta, Role of interlayer thickness on interdiffusion in Ti/TiN multilayers, Applied Surface Science 564, 150430 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.150430
12. Niti, Akhil Tayal, Nidhi Pandey, V. R. Reddy, Ajay Gupta, and Mukul Gupta, Self-diffusion processes in stoichiometric iron mononitride, Journal of Applied Physics 129, 245302 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0054611
13. Brajendra Singh, Priyanka Singh, Mukul Gupta, Raman and X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Investigations of The Structure And Ru-Mn Valence States Of Li2Mn0.9Ru0.1O3, Journal of Applied Spectroscopy 88(4):654-661 (2021).
14. Arup Kumar Mandal, Anupam Jana, Sourav Chowdhury, Achyut Tiwari, R J Choudhary and D M Phase, Mixed Mott–Hubbard and charge transfer nature of 4H–SrMnO3 thin film on Si (100), Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 33, 23 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/abe8a3
15. Divya Arumugam, Mathavan Thangapandian, Mukul Gupta, Niranjan Prasad Lalla, Arunarajeswari Periyasamy, Milton Franklin Benial Amirtham, A Study on Surface Chemistry of Dielectric Confined CeO2 QDs via Ligand (ACTP) to Ligand Charge Transfer, Applied Surface Science 567,150763 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.150763
16. Nidhi Pandey, Mukul Gupta, D. M. Phase and Ajay Gupta, In situ N K-edge XANES study of iron, cobalt and nickel nitride thin films, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 28, 1 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577521006822
17. Manju, Megha Jain, Pargam Vashishtha, Govind Gupta, Mukul Gupta, Parasmani Rajput, Ankush Vij, Anup Thakur, Charge transfer-induced fast blue emission in SrZnO2:Ce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 121108 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0064383
18. Anju Ahlawat, Azam Ali Khan, Pratik Deshmukh, M. M. Shirolkar, S. Satapathy, R. J. Choudhary, and D. M. Phase, Effect field controlled magnetization in NiFe2O4/SrRuO3/PMN-PT heterostructures for nonvolatile memory applications: XMCD study, Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 112902 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0061470
19. Anju Ahlawat, Robert Roth, Diana Rata, Kathrin Dorr, Azam Ali Khan, Pratik Deshmukh, Mandar M. Shirolkar, S. Satapathy, R. J. Choudhary, and D. M. Phase, Magneto-electric coupled ordered PMN-PT/NiFe2O4 composite nanostructures, Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 152901 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0070196
20. Debosmita Banerjee, Kamatchi Jothiramalingam Sankaran, Sujit Deshmukh, Chien-Jui Yeh, Mukul Gupta, I-Nan Lin, Ken Haenen, Aloke Kanjilal, Susanta Sinha Roy, Single-step synthesis of core-shell diamond-graphite hybrid nano-needles as efficient supercapacitor electrode, Electrochimica Acta 397, 139267 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2021.139267
21. Shailesh Kalal, Yogesh Kumar, Suman Karmakar, Surbhi Gupta, Joseph Vimal Vas, Rajeev Rawat, Mukul Gupta, Study of Niobium Mononitride Thin Films Grown Using High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering, Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2021 2100514, 1 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pssr.202100514
22. Jyoti Sahu, PA Alvi, VS Vats, RS Meghwal, H Sublania, DM Phase, M Gupta, Shalendra Kumar, S Dalela, Annealing Temperature Dependence of Various Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles Investigated with Soft XAS, Nano 16, 2150130 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1142/S1793292021501307




1. Structural and magnetic properties of co-sputtered Fe0.8-C0.2 thin films, Prabhat Kumar, VR Reddy, V Ganesan, Mukul Gupta, I Sergueev, O Leupold, H-C Wille, Physical Review Materials 4, 013402 (2020). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.013402
2. Micro-structural and bonding structure analysis of TiAlN thin films deposited with varying N2 flow rate via ion beam sputtering technique, Soham Das, Mukul Gupta, Ashis Sharma, Bibhu P Swain, Materials Science-Poland 38, 122-131 (2020). DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/msp-2020-0006
3. Strain healing of spin–orbit coupling:a cause for enhanced magnetic moment in epitaxial SrRuO3 thin films, S.Tyagi, V G Sathe, G. Sharma, D M Phase, V R Reddy, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 32 305501 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/ab8424
4. Effect of defects and oxygen vacancies on the RTFM properties of pure and Gd-doped CeO2 nanomaterials through soft XAS, Swati Soni, Mridula Dave, B. Dalela, P. A. Alvi, Shalendra Kumar, S. S. Sharma, D. M. Phase, M. Gupta & S. Dalela, Applied Physics A volume 126, Article number: 585 (2020)., https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-020-03777-y
5. Novel Na3Zr2Si2PO12–polymer hybrid composites with high ionic conductivity for solid-state ionic devices, M. Dinachandra Singh, Anshuman Dalvi, D.M. Phase, Materials Letters 262 127022 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.127022
6. Defects and oxygen vacancies tailored structural, optical and electronic structure properties of Co-doped ZnO nanoparticle samples probed using soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Jyoti Sahu, Swati Soni, Sudhish Kumar, B. Dalela, P. A. Alvi, S. S. Sharma, D.M. Phase, M. Gupta, Shalendra Kumar, S. Dalela, Vacuum 179, 109538 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2020.109538
7. Interplay of structural, optical, and magnetic properties of Ce1-xNdxO2-δ nanoparticles with electronic structure probed using X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Mridula Dave, Sudhish Kumar, B. Dalela, P.A. Alvi, S. S. Sharma, D. M. Phase, M. Gupta, Shalendra Kumar, S. Dalela, Vacuum (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2020.109537
8. Synthesis and structural investigation of stoichiometric iron mononitride thin films, Niti, Mukul Gupta, P. Rajput, S. N. Jha and Ajay Gupta, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2020.109653
9. Study of Reactively Sputtered Nickel Nitride Thin Films, Nidhi Pandey, Mukul Gupta and Jochen Stahn, Journal of Alloys & Compounds (2020). Accepted
10. Study of Ni4N Thin Films; Structural, Thermal Stability and Magnetic Properties, N. Pandey, M. Gupta and J. Stahn, Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters (2020). https://doi.org/10.1002/pssr.202000294
11. Influence of AlN buffer layer on molecular beam epitaxy growth of wurtzite Al1-xScxN thin films, B. Saha et al., Bulletin of Materials Science (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-020-02290-5
12. Insight into the photophysics of strong dual emission (blue & green) producing graphene quantum dot clusters and their application towards selective and sensitive detection of trace level Fe3+and Cr6+ions, Ganapathi Bharathi, Devaraj Nataraj, Sellan Premkumar, Padmanaban Saravanan, Daniel T. Thangadurai, Oleg Yu Khyzhun, Kittusamy Senthilkumar, Ramasamy Kathiresan, Ponmalai Kolandaivel, Mukul Guptah and Deodatta Phase, RSC Adv. 10, 26613–26630 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1039/d0ra04549g
13. Interfacial chemistry and electronic structure of epitaxial lattice-matched TiN/Al0.72Sc0.28N metal/semiconductor superlattices determined with soft x-ray scattering, Bidesh Biswas, Sanjay Nayak, Vijay Bhatia, Ashalatha Indiradevi Kamalasanan Pillai, Magnus Garbrecht, Mohammed H Modi, Mukul Gupta, Bivas Saha, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: 38, 053201 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1116/6.0000180
14. Ru doping efect on the structural, electronic, transport, optical and dye degradation properties of layered Li2MnO3, Brajendra Singh, Priyanka Singh, SN Applied Sciences 2, 506 (2020). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-020-2260-z
15. Electronic Structure correlation with ferroelectric behavior of Ca-doped BiFeO3 films, Sadaf Jethva, Savan Katba, Chirag Savaliya, Ashish Ravalia, Mukul Bhatnagar, Mukesh Ranjan, Dinesh Shukla, DM Phase, DG Kuberkar, Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena (2020), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elspec.2020.146983
16. Mechanistic insights into defect generation andtuning of optical properties in Zn1-xFexAl2O4 nanocrystals, Megha Jain, Manju, Pargam Vashishtha, Govind Gupta, Anil Kumar Sinha, Mukul Gupta, Ankush Vij and Anup Thakur, Acta Crystallographia B 76, 1-12 (2020). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S2052520620009130
17. Revealing Interplay of Defects in SnO2Quantum Dots for BlueLuminescence and Selective Trace Ammonia Detection at Room Temperature, Binaya Kumar Sahu, Gurpreet Kaur, and Arindam Das, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces xx, xx (2020). DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c13896
18. Study of structural, optical and electronic structure properties of Sm2O3-ZnO nanomaterials, Jyoti Sahu, Sudhish Kumar, P. A. Alvi, D. M. Phase, Mukul Gupta, and S. Dalela, AIP Conference Proceedings 2265, 030130 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0016742
19. XAS and EELS analysis on ion irradiated iron phosphate glass, P. Jegadeesan, S. Amirthapandian, Kitheri Joseph, D. K. Shukla, Mukul Gupta, and B. K. Panigrahi, AIP Conference Proceedings 2265, 030244 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0025337
20. Study of local structure of Sr0.95Pr0.05TiO3 thin film: Absence of antiferrodistortive phase, Vivek Dwij, Binoy Krishna De, Mukul Gupta, Niti, and V. G. Sathe, AIP Conference Proceedings 2265, 030001 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0016756
21. Study of scandium nitride thin films deposited using ion beam sputtering, Susmita Chowdhury, Rachana Gupta, Shashi Prakash, Layanta Behera, D. M. Phase, and Mukul Gupta, AIP Conference Proceedings 2265, 030312 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0017351
22. Synthesis and characterization of AlN thin films deposited using DC and RF magnetron sputtering, Layanta Behera, Nidhi Pandey, and Mukul Gupta, AIP Conference Proceedings 2265, 030310 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0017482




1. Study of phase formation in CrN thin films and its response to a minuscule oxygen flow in reactive sputtering process, Y. Tripathi, R. Gupta, Seema, M. Gupta, D. M. Phase and P. Rajput, Thin Solid Films 670, 113 (2019).
2. Orientation study of iron Phthalocyanine (FePc) thin films deposited on silicon and gold surfaces, J. Singh, R K Sharma, U K Goutam, U S Sule, J. Gupta, S C Gadkari, P N Rao., Materials Research Express 6:1, 016411 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/aae49e
3. Electronic structure by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and observation of field induced unusually slow spin relaxation from magnetic properties in pyrochlore Eu2−xFexTi2O7, A. Pal, S. Ghosh, S. Kumar, Eike F. Schwier, M. Sawada, K. Shimada, M. Gupta, D.M. Phase, A.K. Ghosh, Sandip Chatterjee, J. Magn. Mag. Mat. 476, 7 (2019).
4. XAS studies of brain-sponge CNClZnO nanostructures using polyaniline as dual source for solar light photocatalysis, S. Ghosh, B. Sanjeev, M. Gupta, A.B.V. Kiran Kumar, Ceramics International 45, 1314 (2019).
5. In situ soft x-ray absorption spectroscopic study of Fe/MgO interfaces, P. Vishwakarma, Mukul Gupta, D.M. Phase, Ajay Gupta, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 31, 105001 (2019).
6. Origin of Blue Luminescence in Mg-Doped GaN, S. Nayak, M. Gupta, U. V. Waghmare, S.M. Shivaprasad, Phys. Rev. Appl. 11, 014027 (2019).
7. Rigid-band electronic structure of scandium nitride across the n-type to p-type carrier transition regime, S. Nayak, M. Baral, M. Gupta, J. Singh, M. Garbrecht, T. Ganguli, S. M. Shivaprasad, and B. Saha, Phys. Rev. B 99, 161117(R) (2019).
8. Depth-resolved compositional analysis of W/B4C multilayers using resonant soft X-ray reflectivity, PN Rao, UK Goutam, P Kumar, M Gupta, T Ganguli, SK Rai, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 26, 793 (2019).
9. Near-room-temperature magnetocaloric effect in electron-doped manganite probed by local atomic structure and critical exponent theory, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 480, 22-32 (2019).
10. Field effect transistor based on proton conductive metal organic framework (CuBTC), G. A. Bodkhe, M. A. Deshmukh, H. K Patil, S. M. Shirsat, V. Srihari, K. K. Pandey, G. Panchal, D. M. Phase, A. Mulchandani and M. D. Shirsat, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics accepted (2019).
11. Elucidating the origin of magnetic ordering in ferroelectric BaTiO3- d thin film via electronic structure modification, S. Majumder, P Basera, M Tripathi, R J Choudhary, S Bhattacharya, K Bapna and D M Phase, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 31 205001 (2019).
12. Studies on electronic structure and dielectric properties of La-doped ErFeO3 orthoferrites S. Katba, S. Jethva, G. Panchal, R.J.Choudhary, D.M.Phase, D.G.Kuberkar, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 789, 814 (2019).
13. Study of orthorhombic twins in epitaxial GdFeO3 thin films, A. Panchwanee, V. R. Reddy, A. Gupta, R.J. Choudhary, D.M.Phase, V.Ganesan, Thin Solid Films 669, 301 (2019).
14. Electron energy loss and X-ray absorption behaviour of high density nonmagnetic cobalt, N. Banu, P. Kumar, N. Pandey, B. Satpati, Mukul Gupta B.N.Dev, Thin Solid Films 675, 177 (2019).
15. 3D Hierarchical Boron Doped Diamond-Multilayered Graphene Nanowalls as an Efficient Supercapacitor Electrode, D. Banerjee, K. J. Sankaran, S. Deshmukh, M. Ficek, G. Bhattacharya, J. Ryl, D. M. Phase, M. Gupta, R. Bogdanowicz, I-Nan Lin, A. Kanjilal, K. Haenen, S. S. Roy, J. Phys. Chem. C 2019. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b03628
16. Electrical transport in PEO-NaI-NASICON nanocomposites: An assessment using impedance and X-Ray absorption spectroscopy, MD Singh, A Dalvi, DM Phase, Materials Research Bulletin 118, 110485 (2019).
17. Interfacial spin glass mediated spontaneous exchange bias effect in self-assembled La0. 7Sr0. 3MnO3: NiO nanocomposite thin films, G Panchal, RJ Choudhary, M Kumar, DM Phase, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 796, 196-202 (2019).
18. Probing the effect of ferroelectric to paraelectric phase transition on the Ti-3d and O-2p hybridization in BaTiO3, G Panchal, R J Choudhary, S Yadav, DM Phase, Journal of Applied Physics 125, 214102 (2019).
19. Anomalous magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanostructures on GaAs substrate probed using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, DM Phase, G Panchal, R Rawat, S Tiwari, R Prakash, D Jain, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 482, 296-300 (2019).
20. Structural and magnetic properties of stoichiometric Co4N epitaxial thin films, N. Pandey, M. Gupta, R. Gupta, Z. Hussain, V. R. Reddy, D. M. Phase, J. Stahn, Phys. Rev. B 99, 214109 (2019.
21. Dynamics of reactive sputtering affecting phase formation of Co–N thin films, N. Pandey, M. Gupta, R. Gupta, S. M. Amir, J. Stahn, Applied Physics A 125, 539 (2019).
22. Direct Synthesis of Electrowettable Nanostructured Hybrid Diamond, Sujit Deshmukh, Kamatchi Jothiramalingam Sankaran, Debosmita Banerjee, Chien-Jui Yeh, Keh-Chyang Leou, Deodatta Phase, Mukul Gupta, I-Nan Lin, Ken Haenen, Susanta Sinha Roy, and Prashant Waghmare, J. Mater. Chem. A (2019). https://doi.org/10.1039/C9TA04165F
23. Structural and magnetic properties of FeN thin films grown on TiN, Niti, M. Gupta, Seema, N. Pandey, V.R.Reddy, I. Sergueev, H.-C.Wille, A. Gupta, Physica B (2019).
24. In-situ growth of iron mononitride thin films studied using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and nuclear resonant scattering, M. Gupta, N. Pandey, Niti, V. R. Reddy, D. M. Phase, K. Schlage, H-C Wille, A. Gupta, Hyperfine Interactions (2019).
25. Preparation and characterization of Fe4N thin film deposited by high power impulse magnetron sputtering, Nidhi Pandey, Mukul Gupta, and D. M. Phase, AIP Conference Proceedings 2115, 030293 (2019).
26. Inaugural x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra on epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films using Indus-2 synchrotron bending magnet source, DM Phase, RJ Choudhary, G Panchal, AD Wadikar, R Sah AIP Conference Proceedings 2115 (1), 030223.
27. Revealing carbon mediated luminescence centers with enhanced lifetime in porous alumina, S. Bhowmick, S. Pal, A. Singh, M. Gupta, D. M. Phase, A. K. Singh, and A. Kanjilal, Journal of Applied Physics 126, 164904 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5116274
28. Size Induced Structural Changes in maricite-NaFePO4: An In-Depth Study by Experimental and Simulations, Monika Sharma, Mukul Gupta, Payam Kaghazchi, Murugavel Sevi, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2019). DOI: https://doi.org//10.1039/C9CP03838H
29. Phase growth analysis of sputtered TiO2 thin films at low oxygen partial pressures using XANES and XRR, Rajan Kumar Singh, Mukul Gupta, Devdatta M Phase, Sanat Kumar Mukherjee, Materials Research Express 6, (2019).
30. Synergistic Effect of Singly Charged Oxygen Vacancies and Ligand-Field for Regulating Transport Properties of Resistive Switching Memories, D. Das, A. Barman, S. Kumar, A. K. Sinha, M. Gupta, R. Singhal, P. Johari, A. Kanjilal, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2019). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b08078
31. Effect of oxygen partial pressure on the electronic and magnetic properties of epitaxial SrRuO3 thin films, G Panchal, R Rawat, A Bagri, AK Mandal, RJ Choudhary, DM Phase, Physica B: Condensed Matter 572, 190-194 (2019).
32. Temperature driven Mott-Hubbard to charge-transfer insulator transition in hexagonal Sr0.6Ba0.4MnO3, Ritu Rawat, Anupam Jana, Gyanendra Panchal, Sourav Chowdhury, R. J. Choudhary, D. M. Phase, Appl. Phys. Lett. 115, 102905 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5113570.
33. Effect of interfacial interdiffusion on magnetism in Fe4N epitaxial films on LaAlO3 substrates, Nidhi Pandey, S Pütter, SM Amir, VR Reddy, DM Phase, J Stahn, Ajay Gupta, Mukul Gupta, Physical Review Materials 3, 114414 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.114414
34. X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of cobalt mononitride thin films, Mukul Gupta, Y. Kumar, A. Tayal, N. Pandey, W. Caliebe, J. Stahn, SN Applied Science (2019). Doi: 10.1007/s42452-019-1808-2




1. Kumar, P., Gupta, M., Deshpande, U.P., Phase, D.M., Ganesan, V., Stahn, J., Density and microstructure of a-C thin films, (2018) Diamond and Related Materials, 84, pp. 71-76.,
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.
uri?eid=2-s2.0-85043783387&doi=10.1016%
2fj.diamond.2018.03.008&partnerID=40
&md5=ff4242627ea3658402e33dccc0acc23b
2. Pandey, N., Gupta, M., Gupta, R., Rajput, P., Stahn, J., Structure and magnetization of Co4N thin film, (2018) Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 448, pp. 274-277.
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri
?eid=2-s2.0-85020790376&doi=10.1016%2fj.
jmmm.2017.06.014&partnerID=40&md5=6570859fda531d99
18150e0fe7574578
3. Yadav, A.K., Maidul Haque, S., De, R., Pathak, N., Shukla, D.K., Choudhary, R.J., Phase, D.M., Jha, S.N., Bhattacharyya, D., Local structure investigation of Ni doped ZnO thin films by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Thin Solid Films 647, 70-79 (2018).
4. Local probing of the enhanced field electron emission of vertically aligned nitrogen-doped diamond nanorods and their plasma illumination properties, S. Deshmukh, K.J. Sankaran, K. Srinivasu, S. Korneychuk, D. Banerjee, A. Barman, G. Bhattacharya, D.M. Phase, M. Gupta, J. Verbeeck, K.C. Leou, I.N. Lin, K. Haenen, S.S. Roy, Diamond and Related Materials 83, 2018, 118-125,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2018.02.005.
5. S. Tyagi, G. Sharma, V. Dwij, B. K. De, V. G. Sathe, V. R. Reddy, R. J. Choudhary, D. M. Phase, and V. Ganesan, Heteroepitaxial growth of self-assembled BaTiO3-Fe2O3 nanostructures, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B 36:4 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1116/
1.5026069
6. Sinha, M., Modi, M.H., Ghosh, H., Yadav, P.K., Gupta, R.K, Influence of the core-hole effect on optical properties of magnesium oxide (MgO) near the Mg L-edge region, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 25(3), pp. 771-776 (2018).
7. Niti, Seema, and Mukul Gupta, Role of oxygen impurities in synthesis of iron mononitride thin films, AIP Conference Proceedings 1942, 080074 (2018); doi: 10.1063/1.5028908.
8. Prabhat Kumar, Mukul Gupta, D. M. Phase, and Jochen Stahn, Influence of oxygen on growth of carbon thin films, AIP Conference Proceedings 1942, 080079 (2018); doi: 10.1063/1.5028913.
9. Arup Kumar Mandal, Gyanendra Panchal, R. J. Choudhary, and D. M. Phase, Magnetic and electronic properties of SrMnO3 thin films, AIP Conference Proceedings 1953, 100035 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/
1.5032971.
10. Sourav Chowdhury, Malvika Tripathi, R. J. Choudhary, and D. M. Phase, Observation of room temperature ferromagnetism in negative charge transfer SrCoO3-δ thin films, AIP Conference Proceedings 1953, 100036 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/
1.5032972.
11. A. K. Yadav, S. M. Haque, R. De, Md. A. Ahmed, V. Srihari, M. Gupta, D. M. Phase, S. Bandyopadhyay, S. N. Jha, and D. Bhattacharyya, Local structure investigation on Mn and Co doped TiO2 thin films by x-ray absorption spectroscopy, AIP Conference Proceedings 1942, 080012 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/
1.5028846.
12. Abdul Ahad, S. S. Majid, F. Rahman, D. K. Shukla, and D. M. Phase, Electronic structure modifications and band gap narrowing in Zn0.95V0.05O, AIP Conference Proceedings 1942, 090028 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/
1.5028943.
13. A novel green approach for reduction of free standing graphene oxide: electrical and electronic structural investigations, K Saravanan, B K Panigrahi, K Suresh, B Sundaravel, P Magudapathy and Mukul Gupta, Nanotechnology 29, 345204 (2018).
14. Structural evaluation of reduced graphene oxide in graphene oxide during ion irradiation: X-ray absorption spectroscopy and in-situ sheet resistance studies, Saravanan,K. and Jayalakshmi,G. and Suresh,K. and Sundaravel,B. and Panigrahi,B. K. and Phase,D. M., Applied Physics Letters 112, 111907, (2018). doi: {10.1063/1.5025097},
15. Structural transformation, Griffiths phase and metal-insulator transition in polycrystalline Nd2−xSrxNiMnO6 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.5 and 1) compound, Amit Kumar Singh, Padmanabhan Balasubramanian, Ankita Singh, Mukul Gupta and Ramesh Chandra, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 30, 355401 (2018).
16. Oxygen mediated phase transformation in room temperature grown TiO2 thin films with enhanced photocatalytic activity, D. Banerjee, A. Barman, S. Deshmukh, C. P. Saini, G. Maity, S. K. Pradhan, M. Gupta, D. M. Phase, S. S. Roy, and A. Kanjilal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 084103 (2018); doi: 10.1063/1.5040916.
17. Study of local distortion and spin reorientation in polycrystalline Mn doped GdFeO3, A. Panchwanee, V. R. Reddy, A. Gupta, A. Bharathi, D.M. Phase, J. Alloys and Compounds 745, (2018) 810-816.
https://doi.org/
10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.02.190.
18. Mott-Hubbard type insulating nature of epitaxial LaVO_3 thin films, Jana, Anupam and Choudhary, R. J. and Phase, D. M., Phys. Rev. B 98, 075124, (2018).
19. Strain-induced elastically controlled magnetic anisotropy switching in epitaxial La_0.7Sr_0.3MnO_3 thin films on BaTiO_3(001), Panchal, Gyanendra and Phase, D. M. and Reddy, V. Raghavendra and Choudhary, Phys. Rev. B 98, 045417, (2018). doi = 10.1103/PhysRevB.98.045417.
20. Anatase phase evolution and its stabilization in ion beam sputtered TiO2 thin films, N. P. Poddar, S.K. Mukherjee and M. Gupta, Thin Solid Films 666 (2018) 113–120.
https://doi.org/10.1016/
j.tsf.2018.09.038.
21. Electronic structure of Pr2MnNiO6 from x-ray photoemission, absorption and density functional theory, P. Balasubramanian, S. R. Joshi, R. Yadav, F. M. F. de Groot, A. K. Singh, A. Ray, M. Gupta, A. Singh, S. Maurya, S. Elizabeth, S. Varma, T. Maitra and V. Malik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 30, 435603 (2018).
22. Tailoring optical properties of TiO2-Cr co-sputtered films using swift heavy ions, R. Gupta, S. Sen, D.M. Phase, D.K. Avasthi, Ajay Gupta, Applied Surface Science 440, 2018, 403-408. https://doi.org/10.1016/
j.apsusc.2018.01.003.
23. Electronic Structure of Visible Light-Driven Photocatalyst δ-Bi11VO19 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Thermal Plasma, S. Subhash Kekade, Prashant Vijay Gaikwad, Suyog Asaram Raut, Ram Janay Choudhary, Vikas Laxman Mathe, Deodatta Phase, Anjali Kshirsagar, and Shankar Ishwara Patil, ACS Omega 2018 3 (5), 5853-5864, DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.8b00564.
24. Photoemission studies on (111) textured Cr doped Eu2O3 thin film, S Kumar, R Prakash, RJ Choudhary, DM Phase, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 738, 233-238 (2018).
25. Tc suppression and impurity band structure in overdoped Superconducting Boron-doped Diamond films, D. Kumar, M. Chandrana, D.K.Shukla, D.M.Phase, K. Sethupathi, M.S. R. Rao, Physica C, in-press (2018).
26. Structural evaluation of reduced graphene oxide in graphene oxide during ion irradiation: X-ray absorption spectroscopy and in-situ sheet resistance studies, Saravanan, K., Jayalakshmi, G., Suresh, K., Sundaravel, B., Panigrahi, B. K., & Phase, D. M. Applied Physics Letters 112, 11 (2018).
https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5025097.




1. N. Pandey, M. Gupta, R. Gupta, S. Chakravarty, N. Shukla, A. Devishvili, Structural and magnetic properties of Co-N thin films deposited using magnetron sputtering at 523K”, J. Alloys Compds. 694, 1209-1213 (2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.10.095.
2. N. Pandey, M. Gupta, R. Gupta, P. Rajput, J. Stahn, Structure and magnetization of Co4N thin film, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2017.06.014
3. R. Gupta, M. Gupta, and D. M. Phase Early stages of TiN thin film growth probed using in-situ soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy, AIP Conference Proceedings 1832, 080081 (2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4980541.
4. G Panchal, DK Shukla, RJ Choudhary, VR Reddy, DM Phase, X-ray absorption spectroscopy on epitaxial BaTiO3 thin film, AIP Conference Proceedings 1832, 090041 (2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4980490.
5. K. Gautam, et al. Enroute to phase purity in CaMn7O12, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1832(1). AIP Publishing, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4980594
6. P. Rajput, A. Singh, M. Kumar, M. Gupta, V.R. Reddy, N. Ramanan, S.N. Jha, D. Bhattacharyya, N. K. Sahoo, Investigation of local structural and magnetic properties of discontinuous to continuous layer of Co/Mgo interface in MgO/Co/MgO trilayer structure”, Journal of Alloys Compounds 700, 267-271 (2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.01.058
7. R. Das, M. Gupta, S.K. Srivastava, Magnetic instability and f-d hybridization in CeFe2 on substituting Cr, Ag and Au for Fe”, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 433, 162–168 (2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2017.03.009
8. C. P. Saini, A. Barman, D. Banerjee, O. Grynko, S. Prucnal, M. Gupta, D. M. Phase, A. K. Sinha, D. Kanjilal, W. Skorupa, and A. Kanjilal, Impact of Self-Trapped Excitons on Blue Photoluminescence in TiO2 Nanorods on Chemically Etched Si Pyramids, J. Phys. Chem. C, 121, 11448−11454 (2017). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02218
9. S. S. Majid, D. K. Shukla, F. Rahman, K. Gautam, R. J. Choudhary, V. G. Sathe, andD. M. Phase, Stabilization of metallic phase in V2O3 thin film, Majid, S. S., et al. Applied Physics Letters 110.17 (2017): 173101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4982588
10. Sandeep Kumar, Ram Prakash, R.J.Choudhary, D.K.Shukla, D.M.Phase, Electronic structure studies of Fe doped Eu2O3 thin film using x-ray absorption and resonant photoemission spectroscopy, Journal of Alloys Compounds 711 (2017): 598-602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.04.039
11. Magnetocaloric effect and critical exponent analysis in electron-doped La1−xTexMnO3 compounds: a comprehensive study, Shelke, A. R., et al., Materials Research Express 4.5 (2017): 056102.
12. Arkaprava Das, Subodh K. Gautam, D. K. Shukla & Fouran Singh, Correlations of charge neutrality level with electronic structure and pd hybridization, Scientific reports 7: 40843 (2017). doi:10.1038/srep40843.
13. Maktedar, Shrikant S. et al., In situ sonochemical reduction and direct functionalization of grapene oxide: A robust approach with thermal and biomedical applications, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 34 (2017): 67-77.
14. Barman A, Saini CP, Sarkar PK, Das D, Dhar S, Singh MN, Sinha A, Kanjilal D, Gupta M, Phase DM, Kanjilal, Nanoscale self-recovery of resistive switching in Ar+ irradiated TiO2-x films, J. Physics D: Applied Physics (2017). https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/aa9013
15. Ganapathi Bharathi, Devaraj Nataraj, Sellan Premkumar, Murugaiyan Sowmiya, Kittusamy Senthilkumar, T. Daniel Thangadurai, Oleg Yu Khyzhun, Mukul Gupta, Deodatta Phase, Nirmalendu Patra, Shambhu Nath Jha & Dibyendu Bhattacharyya, Graphene Quantum Dot Solid Sheets: Strong blue-light-emitting & photocurrent-producing bandgap-opened nanostructures, Scientific Reports 7: 10850 (2017). DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-10534-4.
16. D. Arumugam, Mathavan T., Jeshua Linu Joshua Mathavan, Archana Jayaram, Palanichamy Murugan, Selvaraj Selva Chandrasekaran, Umapathy Subramanian, Mukul Gupta, G. S. Okram, M. A. Jothirajan, M. Franklin Benial Amirtham, Growth Mechanism of Pine-leaf-like Nanostructure from the Backbone of SrCO3 Nanorods using LaMer’s Surface Diffusion: Impact of Higher Surface Energy (γ= 38.9 eV/nm2) {111} Plane Stacking Along〈110〉(γ= 3.4 eV/nm2) by First-Principles Calculations, Cryst. Growth Des. (2017). DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.7b01066.
17. E. Rani, A. Ingale, D. M. Phase, A. Chaturvedi, C. Mukherjee, M. P. Joshi, L. M. Kukreja, Band gap tuning in Si-SiO2 nanocomposite: Interplay of confinement effect and surface/interface bonding, Applied Surface Science 425, 1089-1094 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.07.133.
18. Savan Katba, Sadaf Jethva, Malay Udeshi, Priyanka Trivedi, Megha Vagadia, DK Shukla, RJ Choudhary, DM Phase, DG Kuberkar, Doping Induced Modifications in the Electronic Structure and Magnetism of ZnO films: Valence band and Conduction Band Studies, Applied Surface Science 423, 100-110 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.06.139.
19. A. K. Sinha, MN Singh, SN Achary, A Sagdeo, DK Shukla, DM Phase, Crystal field splitting and spin states of Co ions in cobalt ferrite with composition Co1.5Fe1.5O4 using magnetization and X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 435, 87-95 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2017.03.070.
20. A Ahad, DK Shukla, F Rahman, S Majid, GS Okram, AK Sinha, DM Phase, Colossal thermopower, spin states and delocalization effects in single layered La2− xSrxCoO4, Acta Materialia 135, 233-243 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2017.06.030.
21. Nasir, M., Patra, N., Ahmed, Md.A., Shukla, D.K., Kumar, S., Bhattacharya, D., Prajapat, C.L., Phase, D.M., Jha, S.N., Biring, S., Sen, S., Role of compensating Li/Fe incorporation in Cu0.945Fe0.055- xLixO: Structural, vibrational and magnetic properties, (2017) RSC Advances, 7 (51), pp. 31970-31979. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85021724100&doi=10.1039%2fc7ra03960c&partnerID=40&md5=16338daa945c9.
22. A. K. Yadav, S. M. Haque, R. De, M. A. Ahmed, V. Srihari, M. Gupta, D. M. Phase, S. Bandyopadhyay, S. N. Jha, D. Bhattacharyya, Local Structure Investigation of Mn and Co–Doped TiO2 Thin Films by X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Chemistry Select 2017, 2, 11012. https://doi.org/10.1002/slct.201702263




1. S. D. Singh, M. Nand, A. Das, R. S. Ajimsha, A. Upadhyay, R. Kamparath, D. K. Shukla, C. Mukherjee, P. Misra, S. K. Rai, A. K. Sinha, S. N. Jha, D. M. Phase and T. Ganguli, Structural, electronic structure, and band alignment properties at epitaxial NiO/Al2O3 heterojunction evaluated from synchrotron based X-ray techniques”, J. Appl. Phys. 119,165302 (2016). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4947500
2. Sarveena, J. M. Vargas, D. K. Shukla, C. T. Meneses, P. Mendoza Zélis, M. Singha and S. K. Sharma, Synthesis, phase composition, Mossbauer and magnetic characterization of iron oxide nanoparticles” Sarveena et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.18,9561 (2016). DOI: 10.1039/C5CP07698F
3. P. C. Pradhan, A. Majhi, M. Nayak, M. Nand, P. Rajput, D. K. Shukla, A. Biswas, S. K. Rai, S. N. Jha, D. Bhattacharyya, D. M. Phase, and N. K. Sahoo, Interface structure in nano scale multilayers near continuous-to-discontinuous regime”, J. Appl. Phys. 120, 045308 (2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4959250
4. S. Sen, M. Gupta, and R. Gupta, Influence of substrate temperature on the electronic and optical properties of Cr doped TiO2”, AIP Conf. Proc. DOI: 10.1063/1.4947964 (2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4947964
5. R. Gupta, N. Pandey, L. Behera, and M. Gupta Study of cobalt mononitride thin films prepared using DC and high power impulse magnetron sputtering” AIP Conf. Proc. DOI: 10.1063/1.4947883 (2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4947883
6. S. S. Maktedar, G. Avashthia and Man Singh, Understanding the significance of O-doped graphene towards biomedical applications, Maktedar, Shrikant S., Gopal Avashthi, and Man Singh, RSC Advances 6.115 (2016): 114264-114275. DOI: 10.1039/C6RA23416J
7. S. Majid, D K Shukla, F Rahman, K. Gautam, V G Sathe, R J Choudhary and D M Phase Characterization of pulsed laser deposition grown V2O3 converted VO2, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 755. No. 1. IOP Publishing, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/755/1/012027
8. K. Singh, D K Shukla, S Majid, R Dhar, R J Choudhary and D M Phase, Structural optical and electronic properties of Fe and Ga doped ZnO thin films grown using pulsed laser deposition technique, Singh, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 755. No. 1. IOP Publishing, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/755/1/012040




1. V. Devi, M. Kumar, D.K. Shukla, R.J. Choudhary, D.M. Phase, R. Kumara and B.C.Joshi, Structural, Optical and Electronic Structure studies of Al Doped ZnO thin Films”, V. Devi et al., Superlattices and microstructures 83, 431 (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.spmi.2015.03.047
2. Tayal A, M. Gupta, A. Gupta, V. Ganesan, L. Behera, Surendra Singh, Saibal Basu, Study of magnetic iron nitride thin films deposited by high power impulse magnetron sputtering, Surface & Coatings Technology 275, 2640-269 (2015). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2015.05.008
3. S. Patankar, R. J. Choudhary, and D. M. Phase, Resonant photoemission study of multiferroic LuFe2O4 across three-dimensional to two-dimensional charge ordering” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106,172905 (2015). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4919726
4. Tushar C. Jagadale, Vidya Prasad, Niranjan S. Ramgir, Champalal Prajapat, Uday V. Patil, Anil Debnath, D. K. Aswal and S. K. Gupta, Greatly enhanced H2S sensitivity using defect-rich titanium oxide films, RSC Adv. 5, 93081-93088 (2015). doi: 10.1039/C5RA19426A
5. Tayal A., M. Gupta, A. Gupta, P. Rajput, and J. Stahn, Origin of anomalous diffusion in iron mononitride thin films”, Phys. Rev. B 92, 054109 (2015). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.054109.
6. S. K. Gautam, N. Gautam, R.G. Singh, S. Ojha, D.K.Shukla, and F. Singh, Anomalous behavior of B1g mode in highly transparent anatase nano-crystalline Nb-doped Titanium Dioxide(NTO) thin films”, AIP Advances 5, 127212(2015). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4938085
7. Yadav A. K., Sk M. Haque, D. Shukla, R. J. Choudhary, S. N. Jha and D. Bhattacharyya, X-ray absorption spectroscopy of Mn doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf sputtering technique”, AIP Advances 5, 117138(2015). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4936398




1. D. M. Phase, M. Gupta, S. Potdar, L. Behera, R. Sah, and A. Gupta, Development of soft X-ray polarized light beamline on Indus-2 synchrotron radiation source, AIP Conference Proceedings 1591, 685 (2014); doi: 10.1063/1.4872719.
2. M. Kumar, R. J. Choudhary, D. K. Shukla, and D. M. Phase, Metastable magnetic state and magnetotransport in disordered managanite thin films, J. Appl. Phys. 115,163904 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4873300


Team members

  1. Dr. Mukul Gupta
  2. Mr. Avinash Wadikar
  3. Mr. Rakesh Sah
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