Laser Additive Manufacturing Laboratory


LAML - Home


Current Projects


Our Team

Our Collaborators

Research Highlights

Our Publications

Books/Book Chapters

Authors: Yadaiah Nirsanametla, Swarup Bag, C P Paul, L M Kukreja
Chapter: Fiber Laser Welding in a Controlled Inert Gas Atmosphere: An Experimental and Numerical Investigation
Book: Lasers Based Manufacturing: Topics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering
Editors: Shrikrishna N. Joshi and Uday ShankerDixit
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 978-81-322-2352-8
Year: 2015
Page Nos.: 399-419
Authors: L M Kukreja, C P Paul, Atul Kumar, R Kaul, P Ganesh and B T Rao
Chapter: Lasers in Materials Processing
Book: Laser Physics and Technology, Springer Proceedings in Physics Volume 160
Editors: P. K. Gupta and R. Khare
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 978 1 84821 369 2
Year: 2014
Page Nos.: 253-299
Authors: C P Paul, Atul Kumar, P Bhargava and L M Kukreja
Chapter: Laser-Assisted Manufacturing: Fundamentals, Current Scenario, and Future Applications
Book: Nontraditional Machining Processes,
Editors: J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 978 1 84821 369 2
Year: 2013
Page Nos.: 1-34
Authors: C P Paul, P Bhargava, Atul Kumar, A K Pathak and L M Kukreja
Chapter: Laser Rapid Manufacturing: Technology, Applications, Modeling and Future Prospects,
Book: Lasers in manufacturing,
Editors: J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: Wiley-ISTE, London UK
ISBN: 978 1 84821 369 2
Year: 2012
Page Nos.: 1-67
Authors: L M Kukreja, R Kaul, C P Paul, P Ganesh, B T Rao
Chapter: Emerging Laser Materials Processing Techniques for Future Industrial Applications,
Book: Laser Assisted Fabrication of Materials,
Editors: J. DuttaMajumdar and I. Manna, Indian Institute of Technology   Kharagpur, West Bengal
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Year: 2012
Authors: M Alimardani, C P Paul, E Toyserkani and A Khajepour,
Chapter:  Multiphysicsmodelling laser solid freeform fabrication techniques,
Book: Advances in Laser Materials Processing Technology, Research and Applications,
Editors: J. Lawrence, J. Pou, D.K. Low, E. Toyserkani
Publisher: CRC Press and Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, UK, First Edition. 880 pages.
ISBN: 1 84569 474 0
Year:  2011

Refereed Journal Papers

  1. S Shiva, I A Palani, S K Mishra, C P Paul, LM Kukreja (2015), “Investigations on the influence of composition in the development of Ni–Ti shape memory alloy using laser based additive manufacturing”, Optics & Laser Technology 69, pp. 44-51.


  1. S Mandal, S Kumar, P Bhargava, C H Premsingh, C P Paul, LM Kukreja (2014), “An Experimental Investigation and Analysis of PTAW Process”, Materials and Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 30 No. 9 pp. 1131-1137 .
  2. S Mandal, S Kumar, P Bhargava, C H Premsingh, C P Paul, L. M. Kukreja (2014), “An Analysis on Bead Characteristics in Material Deposition by PTAW Process”, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 592-594, pp. 33-37.
  3. Atul Kumar, C P Paul, A S Padiyar, P Bhargava, G Mundra and L M Kukreja (2014), “Numerical Simulation of Laser Rapid Manufacturing of Multi-Layer Thin Wall using Improved Mass Addition Approach”, Numerical Heat Transfer – A, Applications, Vol. 65 No. 9, pp. 885–910.
  4. P Bhargava, C P Paul, G Mundra, C H Prem Singh, S K Mishra, Atul Kumar, D Nagpure and L M Kukreja (2014), “Study on Weld Bead Surface Profile and Angular Distortion in 6 mm Thick Butt Weld Joints of SS304 using Fiber Laser”, Optics and Lasers in Engineering Vol. 53, pp. 152–157.
  5. C P Paul, B.K Gandhi, P. Bhargava, D. K.  Dwivedi, L. M. Kukreja (2014), “Cobalt-Free Laser Cladding on AISI Type 316L Stainless Steel for Improved Cavitation and Slurry Erosion Wear Behavior”, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 23, Issue 12, pp. 4463 - 4471.
  6. S Jhavar, C P Paul, N K Jain (2014), “Experimental investigation on geometrical aspects of micro-plasma deposited tool steel for repair applications”, International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 32, pp. 1460347 ( 9 pages).
  7. V K Jain, U S Dixit, C P Paul, Arvind Kumar (2014), “Micromanufacturing: A review—Part II”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, Vol. 228, Issue 9, pp. 995-1014.
  8. Y Nirsanametla, S Bag, C P Paul, L M Kukreja (2014), “Efficient Finite Element Modeling of Fiber Laser Welding Process under Conduction Regime on 316 Stainless Steel Plate”, International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.2, pp.31-36.
  9. S. Jhavar, N K Jain, C P Paul (2014),“Enhancement of deposition quality in micro-plasma transferred arc deposition process”, Materials and Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 29, issue 8, pp.1017-1023.
  10. SJhavar, N K Jain, C P Paul (2014),  “Development of micro-plasma transferred arc (µ-PTA) wire deposition process for additive layer manufacturing applications”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 214, pp. 1102-1110.


  1. P Bhargava, C P Paul, C H Premsingh, S K Mishra, Atul Kumar, D C Nagpure, Gurvinderjit Singh, and L M Kukreja (2013), “Studies on Tandem Rapid Manufacturing of Inconel-625 using Laser Rapid Manufacturing and Plasma Transferred Arc Deposition, Advances in Manufacturing, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 305-313.
  2. S Jhavar, C P Paul, N K Jain (2013), “Causes of failure and repairing options for dies and molds: a review”, Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 34, pp. 519-535.
  3. C P Paul, S K Mishra, P Tiwari and L M Kukreja (2013), "Solid-Particle Erosion Behavior of WC/Ni Composite Clad layers with Different Contents of WC Particles", Optics and Laser Technology, Vol. 50, pp.155-162.
  4. C P Paul, S K Mishra, Atul Kumar and L M Kukreja (2013), "Laser Rapid manufacturing on Vertical Surfaces: Analytical and Experimental Studies", Surface and Coatings Technology. Vol. 224, pp.18-28.
  5. S Mondal, C P Paul, L M Kukreja, AsishBandyopadhyay&Pradip Kumar Pal (2013) "Application of Taguchi-based gray relational analysis for evaluating the optimal laser cladding parameters for AISI1040 steel plane surface", International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 24, 1-8, doi: 10.1007/s00170-012-4308-8.


  1. S Mondal, J D Barma, C P Paul, A Bandyopadhyay, P K Pal (2012) "Multi-objective optimization in laser cladding process using Utility Theory coupled with Taguchi Method", International Journal of Advances in Science and Technology,  Vol. 4, No.3, pp.67-73.
  2. Sohan Lal, C P Paul, C. H. Premsingh, P. Bhargava, S. K. Mishra,L. M. Kukreja and S. K. Deb (2012), "Parametric Dependence and Characterization of Laser Brazed Copper-Stainless Steel Joints", Advanced Materials Research Vol. 585 pp 450-454.
  3. C P Paul, S K Mishra, C H Premsingh, P Bhargava, P Tiwari and L M Kukreja,(2012) “Studies on laser rapid manufacturing of cross-thin-walled porous structures of Inconel 625”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Volume 61, Numbers 5-8, 757-770, DOI: 10.1007/s00170-011-3742-3.
  4. Atul Kumar, C P Paul, A K Pathak, P Bhargava and L M Kukreja, (2012) "A finer modeling approach for numerically predicting single track geometry in two dimensions during Laser Rapid Manufacturing", Optics and Laser Technology, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp. 555-65.


  1. M N Ahsan, C P Paul, L M Kukreja, A J Pinkerton, (2011) "Porous structures fabrication by continuous and pulsed laser metal deposition for biomedical applications: modelling and experimental investigation". Journal of Materials Processing Technology. Volume 211, Issue 4, pp. 602-609.
  2. S R Kiran, B K Gandhi, D K Dwivedi, C P Paul and L M Kukreja, (2011) "Erosive Wear Behaviour of Laser Clad Surfaces of Ni and Co Based Alloys", Journal of Tribology and Surface Engineering, Volume 2 Issue 1-2, pp. 33-40.

Prior to 2011

  1. P Ganesh, A Moitra, PragyaTiwari, S Sathyanarayanan, Harish Kumar, S K Rai, RakeshKaul, C P Paul, R C Prasad, L M Kukreja, “Fracture behavior of laser-clad joint of Stellite 21 on AISI 316L stainless steel”, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 527, Issues 16-17, 25 June 2010, pp. 3748-3756.
  2. M Alimardani, C P Paul, E Toyserkani, “On the Microstructure of a Thin Wall Formed under Thermal and Stress Fields Induced in LaserSolid Freeform Fabrication Process”, International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, Vol.5, No. 2/3, 2010 pp. 276-297.
  3. Masoud Alimardani, EhsanToyserkani, Jan P Huissoon and C P Paul, “On the delamination and crack formation in a thin wall fabricated using laser solid freeform fabrication process: An experimental–numerical investigation”, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Volume 47, Issue 11, November 2009, pp. 1160-1168.
  4. P Ganesh, R Kaul, S Mishra, P Bhargava, C P Paul, C H Prem Singh, P Tiwari, S M Oak, R C Prasad, “Laser rapid manufacturing of bi-metallic tube with stellite-21and austenitic stainless steel”, Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, Vol. 62, Issue 2, April 2009, pp. 1-6.
  5. Girish R Desale, C P Paul, B K Gandhi and S C Jain, “Erosion wear behavior of laser clad surfaces of low carbon austenitic steel”, Wear,  Volume 266, Issues 9-10, 24 April 2009, pp 975-987.
  6. Dheeraj Gupta, C P Paul, B K Gandhi, S R Gupta, A K Nath, “Wear Behaviour of Laser Clad Surfaces of Cr3C2, WC and Mo on Austenitic AISI 304L Steel”, Journal of Laser Applications, 20, August 2008, pp. 140-145.
  7. C P Paul and A Khajepour, “Automated Laser Fabrication of WC-Co Components”, Optics & Laser Technology,Vol.40, issue-5, July 2008,pp. 735-741.
  8. S Kumar, S Roy, C P Paul, A K Nath, “A Three Dimensional Conduction Heat Transfer Model for Laser Cladding Process”, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, Volume 53, Issue 3 March 2008 , pp.271 – 287.
  9. H. Alemohammad, E Toyserkani, C P Paul, “Fabrication of smart cutting tools with embedded optical fiber sensors using combined laser solid freeform fabrication and moulding techniques”, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Vol.45, issue-10, pp.1010-1017, October 2007.
  10. C P Paul, H Alemohammad, E Toyserkani, A Khajepour, S Corbin, “Cladding of WC-12Co on low carbon steel using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser”, Material Science and Engineering-A Volume 464, Issues 1-2, , pp. 170-176, 25 August 2007.
  11. C P Paul, P Ganesh , S K Mishra, P Bhargava, J Negi and A K Nath, “Investigating Laser Rapid Manufacturing for Inconel-625 Components”,  Optics and Laser Technology. 39, pp. 800–805, 2007.
  12. C P Paul, Amit Jain, P Ganesh , J Negi and A K Nath, “Laser Rapid Manufacturing of Colmonoy Components”,  Laser and Optics in Engineering, Vol. 44, Issue 10, pp.1096-1109, Oct. 2006.
  13. A K Nath, T Reghu, C P Paul, M O Ittoop, P Bhargava, “High-Power Transverse Flow CW CO2 Laser For Material Processing Applications”, Optics & Laser Technology, vol.37, pp. 329-33, 2005.
  14. R Kaul, P Ganesh, S K Albert, A Jaiswal, N P Lalla, A Gupta, C P Paul and A K Nath, “Laser cladding of Austenitic Stainless steel with Nickel base hardfacing alloy”, Surface Engineering, vol.19, No.3, pp. 269-273, 2003.
  15. J Khare, R Sridhar, C P Paul, T Raghu, A K Nath, “Operational characteristics and power scaling of a transverse flow transversely excited CW CO2 laser”, PRAMANA, Vol. 60, p. 99-107, 2003.
  16. C P Paul, JayantNegi and A K Nath, “Parametric dependence and fabrication time in laser rapid manufacturing”, Metals, Materials and Processes, Vol.14, No.3, p. 163-172, 2002.
  17. A K Nath and C P Paul, “Lasers – a cutting edge technology in manufacturing”, PeriyarJounal of R & D, Vol. 1 issue-1, Nov. 2001.
Best viewed in 1024x768 resolution